Detailed Guide to Risk Assessments in Schools

Writing a comprehensive risk assessment is a critical step in ensuring the safety and well-being of students, staff, and visitors within a school environment. Here’s a concise guide on how to create an effective risk assessment specifically for schools:

  1. Identify and Define Risks: Start by identifying all potential risks within the school environment, such as safety hazards, health concerns, or security issues. Define these risks clearly and comprehensively.
  2. Assess Likelihood: Determine the likelihood of each risk occurring within the school setting. Utilize historical data, expert opinions, or incident reports to assess the probability. Assign a probability score.
  3. Evaluate Impact: Assess the potential impact or consequences if each risk were to materialize within the school. Consider the effects on students, staff, the learning environment, and the school’s reputation. Assign severity scores.
  4. Risk Ranking: Combine the likelihood and impact scores to prioritize risks. Give higher priority to risks that have both a high likelihood and high impact.
  5. Mitigation Strategies: Develop strategies to mitigate or reduce each identified risk in the school environment. These strategies may include safety protocols, emergency response plans, and preventive measures. See below the Hierarchy of Control for the most effective strategies for reducing risk.
  6. Assign Responsibility: Clearly define who is responsible for implementing each mitigation strategy and establish deadlines for their completion.
  7. Monitor and Review: Continuously monitor the identified risks and the effectiveness of mitigation strategies within the school. Be ready to adjust the plan as necessary.
  8. Documentation: Document the entire risk assessment process for the school, including findings, mitigation strategies, and any revisions made over time. This documentation serves as a valuable reference.
  9. Communication: Ensure that all relevant stakeholders, including school administrators, teachers, students, and parents, are informed about the identified risks and the mitigation plan. Effective communication is essential for the safety of the school community.
  10. Regular Updates: Regularly update the school’s risk assessment as circumstances change, new risks emerge, or existing risks evolve. Keep all stakeholders informed of any updates.







The Hierarchy of Controls is a risk assessment tool that prioritises safety measures. This tool gives risk assessors five mitigation tactics that are listed from most effective to least.

Remember that risk assessment in schools is an ongoing process aimed at creating a safe and conducive learning environment. By following these steps and staying proactive in risk management, schools can better protect their students and staff while promoting a culture of safety and preparedness.

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